Project Crew Members
Lic. Bebel Ibarra
Archaeologist specializing in Ancash Archaeology
and director of the program. Licentiate of San Marcos University (Peru). Previous
doctoral studies at University of Paris I Sorbonne; research assistant it the Department
of Anthropology at Tulane University. Bebel is leading the Proyecto Archaeologico
Huari-Ancash since 2004 and has excavated several sites in the region, mainly
sites dating AD 500-1500. He also worked on documenting the Inca road and assisting
in its preservation. Bebel has published several books and articles about archaeology
of the area. His research is focused on Mortuary Practices in the North
Highlands converging Archaeological and Physical Anthropological approaches.
Prehispanic Architecture in the Central Andes of Peru: A review of evolution of
settlements in the Andes from hunter-gatherers to complex architecture such as
the Incas. This lecture will be complemented with a visit to Inca site of
Huaritambo and a visit to Reparin Lake.
Mortuary Practices in
the Andes: This
lecture will ‘show’ how ancient Peruvian buried their dead in different parts
of the Peruvian Andes. The form of types of tombs and their association with
human remains in terms of status, rank, kinship and political organization.
This lecture will be complemented with a visit to the archaeological site of
and Isotope Analyses in the Study of Funeral Contexts: a review of the practice in the Andes
and an evaluation of possible reasons why it was practiced. This lecture will
be complemented with a lab class and with actual modified skull collection for
lecture will explain the nature of burial, examine the difference between
original and intrusive context. How to determine
taphonomy processes that lead to misunderstanding of the nature of burials.
Methods: This is a
complement to the excavations that will be carried out in Huamparan. We will prioritize
explaining concepts such as: what is a registry form, stratigraphic layer, use
of measure scale in archaeological drawing and will set up a grid for
excavation (students will be taught and asked to set a grid during the excavation).
Dr. Anne Titelbaum
Physical anthropologist who specializes in
human skeletal biology, paleopathology, and bioarchaeology. PhD from Tulane University. Currently a
postdoctoral research associate at the University of Arizona College of
Medicine-Phoenix, where she teaches clinical
anatomy to medical, physician assistant, physical therapy, and anthropology
Anne’s primary research area is Andean South
America, with a focus on prehistoric populations of coastal and highland
Peru. Her research interests include pathology in ancient skeletal
remains, developmental anomalies, musculoskeletal stress, trauma, and
mortuary practices. Anne has participated with a number of Peruvian
archaeological projects, including the Proyecto Arqueológico Huaca de La
Luna, the Proyecto Arqueológico Complejo El Brujo, and the Huaca Prieta
Archaeological Project. She has worked with the Proyecto Arqueológico
Huari-Ancash since 2012, delivering lectures on Andean bioarchaeology,
teaching human osteology and skeletal analysis, and conducting analysis in
lab and field contexts.
Human Osteology: Lectures on bone identification and
the importance of understanding of the life-style of people in Archaeological
time. This class is mostly practical; students will work with large human remains
collection the project has recovered during the previous seasons; in addition to learning about human skeletal morphology, they will learn
about trauma, trepanations, and developmental variations (premortem or postmortem). The lab will
prioritize bone recognition (type and sex).
Suggested reading: White,
T.D. and P.A. Folkens. 2005. The Human Bone Manual. Academic
Eng. Ray S. Leonard,
Ray S. Leonard, PE: adjunct professor, Dept. of
Civil Engineering, Univ. of New Mexico. Prof. Leonard will lecture on
engineering survey methods, GIS, Google Earth, control and detailed surveys,
survey instruments such as: magnetic compass, Abnery Level, GPS, and total
stations, and mapping systems such as UTM. Field work will involve
working with magnetic compass, Abnery Level, GPS, and total stations.
Data will be saved in excel files, that students may take with them. PDFs
of all lectures and notes will be made available to registered participants
prior to the start of the field school. Suggested readings: Collins,
J.M., and Molyneaux, B.L., Archaeological Survey, Archaeologist's Toolkit 2,
2003, AltaMira Press, NY and Howard, P., archaeological surveying and
Mapping: Recording and Depicting the Landscape, 2007, Routledge, London and NY
Dr. Jason Nesbitt PhD.
Assistant Professor at Tulane University. PhD
from Yale University, specialist in Andean Archaeology and complex societies
during the formative period (ca 1000 – 200 BC) in the Andes. He joined our team
in 2014. Jason is carrying archaeological research in the region of Huari, Ancash
Chavin and its Sphere of
Interaction During the Formative Period: This lecture will be complemented with a visit
to archaeological site of Chavin de Huantar and a National Museum of Chavin.
Arql. Carlos Escobar
from San Marcos University, Lima. Carlos is archaeological excavation supervisor,
guides the students in all the process of recording and drawing architecture
and artifacts. Carlos joined the team in
2004 and is the ‘original’ team member with extensive field experience.
Arql. Jhon Cruz
from Santiago Antunez de Mayolo
University, Huaraz. He is survey supervisor as well as participant in
excavations particularly when human remains are involved. Jhon joined the team
Margarita Brikyte (Anthropology, CSULB) assists with project
organization and is in charge of correspondence with the participants
throughout the year. She has been with the project since 2008.